Arthur Schopenhauer was a German philosopher. He is best known for his work The World as Will and Representation, which characterizes the phenomenal world as the product of a blind noumenal will. Arthur Schopenhauer was among the first 19th century philosophers to contend that at its core, the universe is not a rational place. listen); 22 February – 21 September ) was a German philosopher. He is best known for his work The World as Will and Representation (expanded in. Yet Philip claims to be cured -- miraculously transformed by the pessimistic teachings of German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer -- and is, himself. : Schopenhauer (The Great Philosophers Series): Michael Tanner: Books. Arthur Schopenhauer () was one of the greatest writers and German philosophers of the nineteenth century. His work influenced figures as diverse as. This is the first comprehensive biography of Schopenhauer written in English. Placing him in his historical and philosophical contexts, David E. Cartwright. Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher, often called the “philosopher of pessimism,” who was primarily important as the exponent of a. From the internationally bestselling author of Love's Executioner and When Nietzsche Wept, comes a novel of group therapy. Yet Philip claims to be cured - miraculously transformed by the pessimistic teachings of German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer - and is himself a.